Eligibility for Athletes with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Visit our US Athlete Master List for a list of Eligible Athletes.

Criteria for Virtus (formerly Inas) & Paralympic Sport Classes for athletes with Intellectual Impairment

NEW! Download a PDF Overview of Eligibility Criteria.
Select the class below to view a detailed list of criteria.

  • II1-Intellectual Impairment Virtus/Paralympic Sport Class

    II1- Virtus/Paralympic* Eligibility Criteria for Athletes with Intellectual and Developmental Disability
    This class also includes athletes with Autism who meet the IQ and Adaptive criteria below. In order to compete in events organized by Virtus (formerly Inas) or Paralympics athletes must complete an eligibility application to provide evidence of intellectual disability based on three main criteria:

    1. IQ of 75 or below (Must be *WISC, WAIS, Stanford-Binet or Raven)
    2. Significant limitations in Adaptive Behavior (Vineland, ABAS, AAMR or Other)
    3. Onset before age 18

    *Note, the shortened WASI  is not considered primary IQ evidence.

    The three Paralympic sports that require Virtus (formerly Inas) eligibility for Intellectual Impairment are Swimming (S14), Table Tennis (Class 11), and Track & Field (T20/F20).

  • II2-Virtus Down Syndrome Sport Class

    II2-Virtus Eligibility Criteria for Athletes With Additional Impairment/Down Syndrome
    This class is for athlete’s who have Additional Impairment/Down Syndrome. Following a trial period these guidelines may change. Athletes should provide documentation that shows the following:

    1. Diagnosis of Down Syndrome including type (e.g. Trisomy 21)
    [Note: beginning in 2019 athletes with Mosiac Down Syndrome will compete in the II1 class for Intellectual Disability and should complete the application requirements for that Sports Class] 
    2. Atlanto-Axial Instability status as either clear or asymptomatic

  • II3-Autism+ Virtus Sport Class (IQ 76 Higher)

    II3 Virtus Eligibility Criteria for Athletes with Autism who do not meet the criteria above for Intellectual Impairment (IQ 76 or higher)
    This class if for athletes with Autism who do not meet the eligibility criteria for Intellectual Impairment above.  Following a trial period these guidelines may change. Athletes should provide the following documentation:

    1. A formal diagnosis of Autism, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or Asperger’s syndrome carried out by a qualified practitioner using accepted diagnostic techniques.
    2. Does not meet IQ or Adaptive criteria for Intellectual Disability Class above (for example IQ is over 75). Athletes with Autism and IQ of 75 or below will compete in II1 Group.

Athlete Eligibility Application & Fee

We are updating our Virtus (formerly Inas) eligibility application forms and fees for 2020.  The new application and pricing structure will be available on this page in early January 2020.

In the mean time those considering applying may want to start gathering relevant psychological testing (most recent IQ testing and scores, Adaptive Behavior Testing, Autism diagnosis, Down Syndrome Diagnosis and AAI Screening, IEP reports, etc.), which are required as part of the eligibility application.

Note on Athletes Requiring Medication (All  Sports)

Athletes who require a medication found on the current Prohibited Drug List will need to apply for permission to compete while taking the medication called a Therapeutic Drug Use Exemption or (TUE). We will review the medications you provided in your eligibility application and will let you know if further paperwork is needed. Learn more about the anti-doping policy on our Drug Testing & Medication page.

Note on Paralympic Licensing & Classification

For II1-eligible athletes pursuing Swimming, Track & Field or Table Tennis Paralympic opportunities open to athletes with Intellectual Impairment

Athletes who have been endorsed nationally by Athletes Without Limits and/or confirmed Internationally by Virtus (formerly Inas) as meeting the II1 Intellectual Impairment eligibility criteria may compete in Paralympic Swimming (S14), Track & Field (T20/F20) and Table Tennis (Class 11) opportunities open to athletes with an Intellectual Impairment.

Once an S14 Swimmer or T20/F20 Track & Field athlete has met a U.S. Paralympics emerging Team qualifying time he/she may then apply to U.S. Paralympics for an IPC License (25$/year). This allows athletes in contention for high-level competition and U.S. Paralympic Team selection to begin sport-specific classification requirements that involve testing and observation while at Paralympic-sanctioned events. Athletes go from “N” New to “R” Review to “C” Confirmed status in timer for U.S. Paralympic Team Trials. Note: for A separate classification system for Table Tennis is managed by USATT (see links below).

Learn more about licensing and classification for each of the the three Paralypmic Sports open to athletes with intellectual impairment using the links below:

Paralympic / World Para Athletics (Track & Field): The T20/F20 Class for Intellectual Impairment is open to athletes who meet the Virtus (formerly Inas) II1 Eligibility Criteria above and Paralypmic event qualifying times/standards

Paralympics / World Para Swimming: The S14/SB14 Class for Intellectual Impairment is open to athletes who meet the Virtus (formerly Inas) II1 Eligibility Criteria above and Paralypmic event qualifying times/standards

Paralympic/USATT Table Tennis: Class 11 for Players with Intellectual Impairment is open to athletes who meet the Virtus (formerly Inas) II1 Eligibility Criteria above and Paralypmic event qualifying standards: